What is Dementia?
The word 'dementia' is a general term that refers
to a syndrome in which there is a deterioration of mental functioning, i.e.,
loss of memory, language, and reasoning abilities, as well as changes in occupational
and social functions.
Dementia is not a 'normal' part of aging. Rather, dementia
is caused by disease.
Alzheimer Disease is the most common form of dementia.
Alzheimer Disease is a fatal disease
that begins with gradual breakdown of nerve cells in particular regions of
the brain that are essential to memory functioning. Eventually, nerve cells
in other parts of the brain degenerate leading to loss of other functions.
Frontal Lobe Dementia / Pick's Disease
Frontal Lobe Dementia, otherwise known as Pick's Disease,
is a progressive dementia with primary symptoms being personality change and
deterioration of language abilities. In the early stages, memory may not be
Lewy Body Dementia
Lewy Body Dementia is a progressive dementia that results
in loss of memory, language, reasoning, and other thinking abilities. Hallucinations
are common. Changes in posture and gait may take place along with rigidity
of muscles and tremors. Compared to Alzheimer Disease, memory and cognitive
deterioration occurs more quickly.
Certain other conditions that may result in deterioration
of memory and cognition, and consequently imitate the symptoms of dementia,
- Drug interactions
- Thyroid or Heart disease
- Alcohol abuse
- Insufficient food or liquids